The main secondary disease in HIV infection. The most frequent illnesses

You may find out the photos of major secondary diseases, which indeed cause the death of people having HIV symptoms, and study them (in order to understand and at least approximately define these states) on the page “Pictures of people with AIDS”. In simple terms, nobody has died from HIV yet – all the deaths occurred to the reason that the weakened body lacking function of immune system was not able to fight with cold, fungus affection and regular falters in central nervous system.

After the asymptomatic period when immune system is gradually weakening, HIV infection starts progressing in 80-100 % of patients. The patients begin to identify clinical symptoms indicating to aggravation of immune system affection (look on photo), that defines transition of HIV infection to the clinically expressed AIDS stage.  

This stage usually begins to develop in 3-5 years from the moment of contamination. It is characterized by bacterial, fungous and viral affection of mucous membrane and dermal integuments and inflammatory diseases of upper airways. At a later time (in 5-7 years after contamination) dermal affections acquire deeper character and disposed to prolonged clinical course. Internal affection is being developed. Besides, the localized Kaposi’s sarcoma, gently apparent weight loss and fever, peripheral nervous system affections are possible.
In 7-10 years AIDS is characterized by the development of severe, life-threatening secondary diseases, their generalized character, CNS affection. In terminal stage of HIV infection the present organs and systems affections in patients have irreversible clinical course; one of the diseases is constantly replaced by another one. Even the adequate therapy of the secondary diseases is ineffective, and a patient dies in a few months. 
The above periods of the secondary diseases stages development have an average character. Frequently the secondary disease is developing more rapidly and in 2-3 years turns to terminal stage.
The most frequent skin diseases which declare themselves in HIV infected people according to hiv aids statistics are enumerated below. You can look at photos on the page “HIV symptoms pictures“.

Bipolar aphthosis with mucous affection of mouth and genitals – is typical symptom of HIV infection acute phase.
Dermatophytosis – the affection of skin, hair and nails by dermatophytes.
Constant, quite often unceased itch is one of the most frequent HIV symptoms in men and in women. It arises in every third hivinfected patients.
Skin reactions under inflammatory syndrome of immune system recovery after therapy.
Molluscum epitheliale – benign viral infection of skin. During the AIDS face and neck affection is typical, which is rarely found without HIV infection. Multiple elements on face is typical sign of heavy abnormalities of cell-bound immunity. Look at Palpebral molluscum contagiosum.
Malignant В-cell lymphoma and T-cell lymphoma are rarely found.
Shingles – heavy and early indicator of acquired immune deficiency in natural HIV clinical course. Quite often it occurs some years before appearance of other opportunist infections. Patient with shingles is very likely to have HIV infection or some other type of acquired immune deficiency.
Acute HIV exanthema. 40-90% of patients with HIV-1 have acute febrile mononucleos-like disease with general symptoms. The rash appears in 1-3 weeks after HIV contamination. It looks like clear nonpruritic spots of 0,5-1 centimeters diameter and locates predominantly on upper part of the body.
Condylomata acuminata (Pointed condyloma) – hyperceratic and verrucous papules on genitals and perianal area, conditioned by the human virus of papilloma inherited by genital tracts. Diffusion of pointed condylomas in HIV infected people is high (17 %) and it depends on the number of xexual partners.
Paronychia and ingrown nail. These diseases are well-known  complications of pancreatic diabetes, which are also met in patients getting therapy from AIDS.
Kaposi sarcoma (skin cancer) and Kaposi sarcoma on the human face is the most frequent neoplasm of skin and mucous, conditioned by HIV infection.
Seborrheic  dermatitis. In people with HIV symptoms the frequency of seborrheic  dermatitis makes up 20-60 % depending on immune status.
Syphilis.  As a whole, HIV infected people have a similar clinical course with people having normal immune system.
Xerosis – frequent complication of any type of immune deficiency. It is diagnosticated in nearly every third HIV infected person.
Cortical scab is found during heavy disturbances of cell-bound immunity on the last stage of AIDS development. In spite of HIV people it can appear in people with heavy physical and psychic illnesses.